Amusement park operation must see! Large amusement equipment What are the requirements for the operation qualification of large-scale amusement equipment? What certificates of amusement equipment is a formal qualified product?
For investors, amusement parks have the advantages of one-time investment and long-term benefits. With the vigorous development of the entertainment industry, amusement parks are blooming everywhere. But the operation of amusement park needs relevant qualification, especially the large amusement equipment in the park. Today, I would like to share with you what qualifications are required for the operation of amusement equipment for reference.
What are the operation qualifications of large amusement equipment?
First of all, as a large amusement equipment operator, you should apply for the following qualification certificates:
1. Business license issued by the Administration for Industry and commerce;
2. Tax registration certificate issued by the tax bureau;
3. The park amusement park business license issued by the garden Bureau;
4. Fire control permit issued by fire brigade of Public Security Bureau;
5. Cultural business license issued by the Culture Bureau;
6. Hygiene license issued by Health Bureau;
7. Special equipment inspection license issued by AQSIQ;
8. Safety inspection certificate;
9. Registration certificate;
10. Safety management personnel certificate;
11. Operators should take up their posts with certificates
The above are the operation qualification of large-scale amusement equipment, which can also be said to be the qualification of amusement park and playground. It is the qualification that needs to be handled and possessed for the amusement project of scenic area, park amusement project, amusement park, playground, children's Park, square amusement project, indoor amusement project, etc.
Relevant qualifications and standards of large amusement facilities
If the amusement equipment you buy is the product of a regular manufacturer, it is not difficult to obtain these certificates under the assistance and guidance of experienced manufacturers. This is one of the reasons why many operators must choose qualified and experienced regular manufacturers for cooperation when choosing amusement equipment suppliers.
Then, let's talk about the relevant qualifications and standards of large amusement facilities
According to Article 99 of Chapter 8 of the "Regulations on safety and safety supervision of special equipment" (Order No. 549 of the State Council), large amusement facilities refer to the facilities used for business purposes and carrying passengers. The scope of the large amusement facilities is designed to carry passengers at a speed greater than or equal to 2m / s, or the running height is higher than or equal to 2m above the ground.
In order to adapt to the current situation of safety management of large amusement facilities and ensure the safe use of large amusement facilities, the General Administration of quality supervision, inspection and Quarantine of the people's Republic of China issued the notice on adjusting the classification of large amusement facilities and doing a good job of inspection and type test of large amusement facilities in 2007 (No The method is shown in the table below
Classification table of large amusement equipment
Amusement equipment category
|| Major sports
|| main parameter
| Grade A
|| Grade B
|| Grade C
|| To rotate or swing about a horizontal axis
|| Sightseeing car series
|| Height ≥ 50m
|| 50m > height ≥ 30m
| Pirate Ship Series
|| One side swing angle ≥ 90 °,
Or more than 40 passengers
| 90 ° > unilateral swing angle ≥ 45 °,
And the number of passengers is less than 40
| Other types of sightseeing vehicles
|| Rotary diameter ≥ 20m,
Or more than 24 passengers
| One side swing angle ≥ 45 °,
And the turning diameter is less than 20m, and the passengers are less than 24
伊伊香蕉综合和线: Taxis class
|| Running along overhead track or sliding after lifting
|| Slide series
|| Slide length ≥ 800m
|| Slide length < 800m
| Other types of taxis
|| Speed ≥ 50km / h,
Or track height ≥ 10m
| 50km / H > speed ≥ 20km / h,
And 10m > track height ≥ 3M
Aerial tour bus class
|| All types
|| Track height ≥ 10m,
Or more than 40 passengers on a single vehicle (train)
| 10m > track height ≥ 3M,
And the number of passengers on a single vehicle (train) is less than 40
|| Rotation around a variable inclination axis
|| All types
|| Dip angle ≥ 70 °
Or rotary diameter ≥ 12m
| 70 ° > dip angle ≥ 45 °,
And 12m > rotary diameter ≥ 8m
伊伊香蕉综合和线: Flying tower class
|| It is suspended with flexible parts and rotated and lifted around the vertical axis
|| All types
|| Operating height ≥ 30m, or passengers ≥ 40
|| 30m > running height ≥ 3M, and passengers < 40
Turn the horse class
|| Rotating and lifting around the vertical axis
|| All types
|| Turning diameter ≥ 14m, or passengers ≥ 40
|| 14m > turning diameter ≥ 10m, running height ≥ 3M, and passengers < 40
Automatic aircraft class
| Upstream of water
| To run or glide in specific waters
|| All types
|| Height ≥ 5m or speed ≥ 30km / h
| Unpowered rides
|| Free fall (swing) after ejection or lifting
|| Sliding rope series
|| Length of sliding rope ≥ 360m
|| Length of sliding rope < 360m
| Unpowered class
| Operation height ≥ 20m
|| 20m > operation height ≥ 10m
| Racing car, small train, bumper car, battery car
|| Running on the ground
|| All types
Remarks (meaning of grading parameters in the table)
Passenger: refers to the large number of Zui tourists who take seats at the same time during the operation of the equipment with rated full load.
For single car (train) passengers, it refers to the number of passengers that can be accommodated by a connected train at the same time.
Height: for the series of sightseeing vehicles, it refers to the vertical distance between the Zui high point of the turntable (or the cabin in operation) and the installation base plane of the main column (the height of lightning rod is not calculated; the value obtained above is taken as the larger value of Zui).
For water amusement facilities, it refers to the large vertical distance between the supporting surface of passenger restraint (such as the sliding surface) and the installation base surface.
Track height: refers to the vertical distance between Zui high point of contact surface between wheel and track and Zui low point of track support installation base surface.
Running height: refers to the large vertical distance between the supporting surface of passenger restraint (such as the seat surface) and the installation base plane during the movement.
For unpowered amusement facilities, it refers to the large vertical distance between the supporting surface of passenger restraint (such as slide way surface, bottom surface of hanging basket, elevation of passenger station of inflatable amusement device) and the installation base surface, in which the running height of high jump jump Ji refers to the water surface or ground from the jumping place to the falling Zui low.
Unilateral swing angle: refers to the angle of the swing arm swinging around the horizontal axis deviates from the plumb line (Zui is 180 degrees larger).
Turning diameter: for equipment swinging or rotating around the horizontal axis, it refers to the rotation diameter of the supporting surface of the passenger restraint (such as the seat surface) around the horizontal axis.
For gyroscope equipment, it refers to the rotation diameter of the outer edge of Zui on the supporting surface of passenger restraint (such as seat surface) when the main motion is rotating.
For equipment rotating around a vertical axis, the diameter of the circle around the center of the vertical axis around the outside of the seat or passenger restraint Zui when it is stationary.
Slide length: refers to the total length of sliding section and lifting section.
Cable length: refers to the inclined distance between fixed points of load-bearing cable.
Tilt angle: refers to the equipment whose main motion (i.e. turntable or cockpit rotation) rotates around the variable inclination axis, and its main motion rotation axis has a large angle with Zui in the vertical direction.
Speed: refers to the large linear speed of Zui reached by the cockpit during the operation of the equipment, and the water amusement facility refers to the large linear speed of Zui reached by passengers.
(in order to meet the requirements of the network, the word "most" in the document is replaced by pinyin Zui. )
The above is A.B.C level division table of amusement equipment, in which the main parameters of classification are the operating height, speed, swing angle, inclination angle and rotation diameter of the equipment. Relatively speaking, the risk factor Zui of class a equipment is larger than that of class B equipment, and that of grade C equipment is small.
Amusement facilities The first product of a, B and B class amusement facilities need to carry out the type test. Before the type test, the design documents of Grade A and B amusement facilities need to be identified, and the prototype trial production can be carried out after the identification is qualified. The acceptance inspection shall be carried out for the amusement facilities of a, B and C levels after installation, and the amusement facilities in use shall be subject to regular inspection with a period of 1 year. China special equipment testing and Research Institute is mainly responsible for the design document identification, type test, acceptance inspection of class a amusement facilities and the first class B and C amusement facilities, and is also responsible for the regular inspection of class a amusement facilities; provincial amusement facilities inspection institutions approved by AQSIQ are responsible for the regular inspection of class B and C amusement facilities in the province. Generally speaking, class A is national inspection equipment, level B is provincial inspection equipment, level C is inspection free equipment, and ABC class III amusement equipment should be included in the scope of supervision.
A formal and qualified amusement equipment, first of all, the product must be produced by a manufacturer with relevant qualifications such as "special equipment production license". Then, the quality of all products must comply with the relevant national standards, such as regulations on safety and safety supervision of special equipment, safety and Safety Technical Supervision Regulations for amusement facilities (Trial Implementation), gb8408-2018 safety and Safety Specification for amusement facilities and other relevant national standards, and have relevant certificates. This is also the responsibility and responsibility of a full-fledged regular amusement equipment manufacturer.
No matter which level of equipment, there must be strict inspection certificate. Although class C equipment is commonly called inspection free equipment, it is only in terms of the level of requirements and the identity of inspectors. In fact, in front of the principle of ensuring the safety and security of passengers, there is no real positive inspection free equipment in quality. Taking the class C amusement equipment with small risk factor and low requirement standard compared with Zui, Zhengzhou Aerospace Amusement Equipment Manufacturing Co., Ltd. has repeatedly inspected the equipment, and only safe and qualified products can be delivered. When leaving the factory, the accompanying "product quality certificate" documents include: business license, special equipment production license, ISO9001 quality system certification, CE certification, international quality management system certification, regulations on safety and safety supervision of special equipment, safety and Safety Technical Supervision Regulations for amusement facilities (Trial), and gb8408-2018 "amusement" The original text of the provisions related to the products in relevant documents such as design and construction safety safety safety specification confirms the product certificate of Zhengzhou Aerospace Amusement Equipment Manufacturing Co., Ltd., the registration certificate of self inspection application unit, product inspection report, product operation manual, etc.
Among them, the "product inspection report" contains the inspection results and results of dozens of inspection items, such as the main parameters of the product, such as operating height, running speed, floor area, number of load-bearing persons, auxiliary parameters such as product use method, driving power, driving / transmission mode, weld quality, bolt pin connection, current, electrical resistance, running height, running speed, safety distance, etc There are detailed and clear records of the theory.
As an amusement park operator, purchase inspection and acceptance should be carried out. The original record should be complete and standard and should not be altered. Imported amusement facilities should have customs declaration form and commodity inspection certificate. To cooperate with regular manufacturers with complete qualifications and comply with relevant national regulations to purchase and install safety and safety qualified amusement equipment is responsible for the operators themselves and the safety of the players.
Note: This article is written by Zhengzhou Aerospace Amusement Equipment Manufacturing Co., Ltd., a large-scale amusement equipment manufacturer. Therefore, it is forbidden to reprint it.